My research explores geographical patterns of health and disease using quantitative spatial methodologies to understand the socioeconomic and environmental determinants of human health. I am particularly interested in the complex interactions between demographic, socioeconomic and environmental factors that influence human health and how we can quantify these factors and interactions to better understand health outcomes. My work relies on spatial statistical analysis, geographic information systems and remote sensing to explore the dynamic human-environment interactions that affect disease processes. My current research focuses on two broad topics: the ecology of chronic diseases (e.g., cancer, heart disease, birth defects) and socio-environmental drivers of communicable diseases (e.g., cholera and shigella).
Emch, M. and E.D. Root. (2009). Emerging and Remerging Diseases. in A Companion to Health & Medical Geography. T. Brown, S. Curtis and G. Moon (eds). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Emch, M., M. Ali, E.D. Root and M. Yunus. (2009). Spatial and Environmental Connectivity Analysis in a Cholera Vaccine Trial. Social Science and Medicine, 68(4): 631-637.
Root, E.D., R. Meyer and M. Emch. (2009). Evidence of Localized Clustering of Gastroschisis in North Carolina, 1999-2004. Social Science and Medicine, 68(8): 1361-1367.
Mobley, L.R., E.D. Root, E.A. Finkelstein, O.A. Khavjou, R. Farris, and J. Will. (2006). The Built Environment, Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Low-Income Women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30(4): 327-332.
Mobley, L.R., E.D. Root, L. Anselin, N.L. Gracia, and J. Koschinsky. (2006). Spatial Analysis of Elderly Access to Primary Care Services. International Journal of Health Geographics, 5(19).
Publications updated February 2009